Four short links: 16 March 2018

Four short links
Four short links
  1. Longevity FAQ (Laura Deming) — I run Longevity Fund. I spend a lot of time thinking about what could increase healthy human lifespan. This is my overview of the field for beginners.
  2. Intimate Partner ViolenceWhat we’ve discovered in our research is that digital abuse of intimate partners is both more mundane and more complicated than we might think. […] [I]ntimate partner violence upends the way we typically think about how to protect digital privacy and security. You should read this because we all need to get a lot more aware of the ways in which the tools we make might be used to hurt others.
  3. The Secret SharerMachine learning models based on neural networks and deep learning are being rapidly adopted for many purposes. What those models learn, and what they may share, is a significant concern when the training data may contain secrets and the models are public—e.g., when a model helps users compose text messages using models trained on all users’ messages. […] [W]e show that unintended memorization occurs early, is not due to overfitting, and is a persistent issue across different types of models, hyperparameters, and training strategies.
  4. Gaydar and the Fallacy of Objective MeasurementBy taking gaydar into the lab, these research teams have taken the creative adaptation of an oppressed community of atomized members and turned gaydar into an essentialist story of “gender atypicality,” a topic that is related to, but distinctly different from, sexual orientation.
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